माध्यमिक शिक्षा


  • कक्षा 9 से 12वीं, उच्च शिक्षा की पूर्व तैयारी, रोजगारयुक्त भारत की प्रथम सीडी
  • Gross Enrolment Rate GER – In 2005 – 40% – 37 Million; 40 Million in 2008; 57 Mmillion in 2017/18

देखने की दृष्टि

  • The Primary justification in secondary education lies in its contribution to economic growth and poverty reduction.
  • Effect on health, gender equality and living condition.
  • Makes an important contribution to demographic citizenship and social cohesion.
  • There can be no major expansion or improvement of higher education in India without first improving and expanding the secondary level.
  • India’s gross enrollment rate GER at secondary level of 40% is far inferior to the GERs of its global competitors in East Asia (70%) and Latin America (82%)


  • Lack of qualified & subject expert teachers.
  • प्रारम्भिक शिक्षा के कारण कठिनाई
  • बालक में शारीरिक व मानसिक परिवर्तन
  • पुस्तकीय ज्ञान पर बल
  • Drop out after 10 & 10+2
  • Subject selection & subject combination
  • Quality of instruction and learning is low.
  • उच्च शिक्षा का दवाब माध्यमिक शिक्षा पर
  • कोचिंग क्लास की ओर ध्यान, मौलिक/आधारभूत ज्ञान का अभाव
  • Non-Attending, Exemption – जीवनशैली पर प्रभाव


  1. Career and subject Guidance & counselling
  2. Learning skill
  3. मानवीय संवेदना जागरण
  4. Practical Exposure like Virtual bank, Trade fair, Industry visit, Hospital visits
  5. ICTs, laboratory equipment, visual aids, audio-visual equipment, library & reference books.
  6. Peer-based, mentor-led, practical, subject-specific professional development of teachers.
  7. खेल का विशेष आग्रह
  8. रूचि/प्रतिभा विकास
  9. Skill Development